Bilateral Relations

Mongolia and Canada established diplomatic relations on November 30, 1973 and celebrated the 40th Anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between our two countries in 2013. Mongolia first opened its General Consulate in Toronto in 1998 and the Embassy was officially inaugurated in December, 2001.

Canada appointed its Honorary Consul in Ulaanbaatar on December 1, 1997. In April, 2004 Canada announced to open its Trade Mission in Ulaanbaatar. The first Resident Ambassador of Canada to Mongolia assumed her duty in Ulaanbaatar in 2008 after Canada opened its Embassy.

With similar climatic conditions, geography, scarcity of population, natural resources and agricultural land, a high role of agricultural and mining sectors in the economies as well as the neighbouring with big powers, our two countries share a lot of common experiences and these may serve as a bridge for Mongolia and Canada to be complementary partners in a number of key sectors.

Canada has been one of the firm supporters of the democratic processes and changes took place in Mongolia in the early 1990's. The two countries have agreed in 2004 at the highest level to enhance the cooperation in the framework of the “Expanded Partnership” and to date some progress has been already seen in the political, economic, cultural, development, educational and defence fields.

The State visit of the President of Mongolia, H.E. Mr. Natsagiin Bagabandi, to Canada in 2004 was crucial event to advance Mongolia’s place in the Canadian foreign policy. The “Joint Statement on Expanded Partnership” agreed during this visit. It is an essential political document in formulating the future relations of the two countries as well as a commitment to bring our cooperation to a level of Expanded Partnership.

At the invitation of H.E. Mr. Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj, the President of Mongolia, Right Honorable Mr. David Johnston Governor General of Canada’s paid first ever State visit to Mongolia from October 24-26, 2013. The occasion marked the 40th anniversary of diplomatic relations between Canada and Mongolia. Governor General Johnson delivered an address before the State Great Khural, the Parliament of Mongolia, highlighting this important milestone in the evolving and strengthening relationship between both countries.

The Official visits by Honorable Peter Milliken, Speaker of House of Commons of Canada to Mongolia in October, 2006 and Chairman of the State Great Khural (Parliament) of Mongolia, H.E. Mr. Zandaakhuu Enkhbold, to Canada in March 2013 were new momentums in strengthening political ties and further enhancing inter-parliamentary relations between the two countries.

H.E. Mr. Zandaakhuu Enkhbold led his delegation to Toronto, Ottawa and the Vancouver area at the invitation of the Speaker of the House of Commons, Andrew Scheer. The Canada-Mongolia Friendship Group at the Canadian Parliament was established in April, 2003 and was a major step in bringing Canada’s attention towards Mongolia at the high level.

The first ever visit of the Prime Minister of Mongolia to Canada was took place in September of 2010. Prime Ministers S. Batbold and S.Harper in their Joint Statement officially emphasized "the dynamism and growing importance of the Mongolia-Canada Expanded Partnership". Memorandum of Understanding on cooperation in the field of civil service, standardization and agriculture were signed "as a reflection of our desire to continue expanding the range of cooperation between our two countries, based on shared interests, a commitment to the well-being and prosperity of our citizens and common democratic values".

The Roundtable Consultative Meetings, started in October 2003 in Ottawa at the level of the Ministries of Foreign Affairs, have been serving as a forum for discussing and exchanging views on the variety of issues of bilateral cooperation and identifying the ways and means of their implementation. The fourth and the fifth meetings took place in Ulaanbaatar in 2009 and in Ottawa in 2011 respectively. Mongolia prepares to host the Sixth meeting in Ulaanbaatar in 2014. 

In 2014, Mongolia was confirmed as a country of focus for the Government of Canada's international development efforts. Canada's international development bilateral assistance program in Mongolia is closely aligned with Mongolia's Economic and Social Development Priorities 2010–2015, which focuses on ensuring human development, decreasing rural-urban disparities and improving economic competitiveness. The goal of Canada's assistance is to help the country stimulate sustainable economic growth by strengthening public service capacity, particularly the management of the extractive sector.

Mongolia is active contributor to UN peacekeeping operations and the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) in Afghanistan.  Mongolia has also agreed to accede to the Ottawa Convention on anti-personnel landmines. Canada and Mongolia cooperate bilaterally through the Canadian Forces Military Training and Cooperation Program (MTCP). In addition, the Royal Canadian Mounted Police cooperates with Mongolia through its customs and national police agencies. Mongolian police officers have come to Canada for training in the investigation of major crimes and financial crimes.
"Memorandum of Understanding on cooperation in Defence sector between the Government of Canada and the Government of Mongolia was signed on October 20, 2004 and "Memorandum of Understanding between Ministry of Defence of Mongolia and Ministry of National Defence of Canada on cooperation in the field of defence and exchange of bilateral visits" was signed in March 2012 respectively.